Yes. The sort order in Thunderbird (and a number of other e-mail clients) is based on the sort column selected and the direction of sort you specify for the column.
Using the instructions for moving Thunderbird columns get to the "Date" column column and, for lack of a better description, activate it. When you do this it will make it the sort column. Then check to make sure that the messages are sorting either newest to oldest (which is what I presume you want) or oldest to newest. If the sort is backward then repeat the navigate to and activate again, and that will reverse the direction. If you accidentally ever activate another column the sort will go on that column, but it's easy to get it back to the column you want and in the order you want.
Brian - Windows 10 Home, 64-Bit, Version 1703, Build 15063.332
The opposite of a correct statement is a false statement. But the opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth.
~ Niels Bohr