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I also see the development of NVDA being driven not just from an economical perspective, but from a social point of view as well. Lots of people actually understood what a screen reader gives to them, and this is far more equal access to information than braille or any other special device designed to bring information to individuals with visual disabilities. The point is that lots of people became aware that a sighted person does not have to pay anything to access day to day information. Whereas blind of visually impaired have to pay ridiculous prices for getting information. This type of business is actually unfair because it put a sort of break on the development of children or caused huge unemployment among people with visual disabilities. Companies were not willing to implement complicated solutions and many people have not been encuraged to apply for other jobs apart from standards such as telefonist or physio therapist etc. Now NVDA gives lots of people the chance to improve professionally and to get high quality access to information for no money. Now children can read almost every book they want on several platforms with NVDA or Voice Over. So it will not be the economical aspect which will drive such products like Jaws to death. It will be the social effects.
And if you look at countries which were underdeveloped like 30 years ago (i.e. China), those countries could develop amongst others because people had access to education and information for low prices. This was somehow driven by several development institutions which invested in such countries huge amounts to improve the society. I know it is not the best comparison, but now several really good and motivated people invest their talent, and some of them their money as well, in improving NVDA.
Von: email@example.com [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] Im Auftrag von erik burggraaf
Gesendet: Montag, 2. Oktober 2017 23:51
Betreff: Re: [nvda] WebAim Screen Reader User Survey #7: Getting The Word Out About NVDA
Lots of for proffit companies made free or low cost screen readers. Serotek for one. Apple for another. I'd say both companies were successful to one degree or another. So, why didn't we see governments lining up to pay for system access? Well, to a lesser extent some did, but if screen readers cost less, then the funding becomes less and the portfoleos of nondisabled people making big money from accessibility legislation shrink. We certainly don't want that. But even at that, system access and the system access network lasted for a very long time, largely on consumer driven support.
NVDA didn't succeed because it was not for proffit. It succeded because of the dedication of the people who started it, and the following those founders were able to inspire. It's sustainable because of the people who work on it. The fact that it is non for proffit gives it certain advantages such as the fact that it can't be subsumed by a for proffit. Lots of free windows screen readers entered and left the market in the past 10 years. NVDA is the only one to thrive, much less survive, and it's because of the talendt, and the management.
Then again, the fact that NVDA itself is non for proffit hasn't prevented the organization from accepting grants and sponsorships from for proffit companies, and whatever I may think of those companies individually, the output from those grants contributed to the general effectiveness of NVDA, which lead to more adoption which lead to donation revinue, which lead to more improvements until we have the body of work which now is viable enough to stand up to a commercial product in the vast majority of situations.
So, we'll have to agree to disagree on this. I've heard all the arguments for nearly as long as you have. I'll allow there was a time when they may have made sense to one degree or another. Certainly the first opticon and kurzweil reading machine costed enormously more in terms of research and development than say the knfb reader mobile app. In fact, vast commercial uses for scanning, ocr, text to speech, dictation, and other technologies developed for disability communities are prevailant and highly intergrated into modern society. Accessibility legislation is between 25 and 50 years old. Commercial standards for developing things to be accessible are well established and supported by legislation. Time and talent still cost money, but we stand on the shoulders of giants. It's not what it was in the late 70's and early 80's. Completely different situation.
On October 2, 2017 5:25:39 PM "Gene" <gsasner@...> wrote:
That is not correct and I've seen that argument many times. JAWS is expensive because it is a specialized product with a tiny market. If Windows had the number of users JAWS has, it would be exorbitantly expensive as well. It's mass production with enormous customer bases that makes most manufactured products we use inexpensive. You can argue about whether institutions could cause the price of JAWS to be lower by negotiating, I don't know if the owners of JAWS charge more than they need to to make a product. But anyone on this list who purchases or has purchased a sophisticated computer program that sells to a very small audience will confirm that such products are very expensive. Institutions may be bureaucratic but they aren't fools. Entrepreneurs are creative and inventive. If it were possible to have a screen-reader with the power and sophistication of JAWS for significantly less, someone would have entered the market at a cheaper price. They've had more than two decades to do so in the case of Windows screen-readers. Where are they, or even one?
The only way a powerful screen-reader has been developed that is within the reach of a lot of blind people is to completely work outside of the for profit model. NVDA is free because it is not a for profit product and relies on people working for about minimum wage, grants, and volunteers to develop and create add ons. Which proves my point. Someone else did fill the need for a screen-reader for people who can't afford a for profit screen--reader but it was outside of the for profit model. Entrepreneurs are creative and motivated enough that, as I said, if a for profit screen-reader could be developed for a significantly cheaper price, it would have been long ago.
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Monday, October 02, 2017 4:03 PM
Subject: Re: [nvda] WebAim Screen Reader User Survey #7: Getting The Word Out About NVDA
Accessibility laws change the game. The market for jaws is different from the market of most other products. The primary target market doesn't actually use the product. The reason commercial screen readers are sustainable is that governments in developed countrys have legislated that the government must accept the financial cost of communication aids for people with print disabilities as a means of leveling the playing field. That is why the cost of the tecchnologies has always been out of reach for most blind consumers, and very little to do with the development cost and comparitive small size of the market as most commercial access technologists claim.
So, there's no evidence to suggest that vfo or any company is planning to jack up prices even higher than they already are, but there are legislative hooks that might allow them to if they wanted.
I really think though that they are battoning down and preparing to ride out the end times with what they have. The consolidation has pretty much taken place. A few straglers haven't bought in or bowed out, but they have unique markets of their own.
The government funding that constitutes the primary support for products like jaws is on the severe decline as the use cases for the products over cheeper less specialized alternatives growes less and less by the day. If the size of the market dictated the price as they always claimed, then considering the dwindling share of the market controlled by commercial AT, it makes sense that the price would go up, especially in the case of VFO's new exclusivity agreements in geographic regions that were either not controlled or controlled by companies that are no more. The odd thing is, with NVDA distributed free as a noncommercial product, I doubt it falls under the commercial exclusivity agreements anyhow.
On October 2, 2017 4:24:22 PM "Gene" <gsasner@...> wrote:
Why would the owners of JAWS commit suicide or strongly encourage purchasers not to use their product by doing something ridiculous, as you suggest? They won't. I don't know if they will try different prices as time goes on to get the most profit from the most or optimum number of sales, but that is different from behaving irrationally. Is this part of the JAWS is greedy and can charge anything it wants argument? It doesn't matter in the context of this argument, that I've heard for two decades with no meaningful proof given, whether JAWS is greedy or not. What matters is that JAWS doesn't exist in a vacuum. It may charge what the market will bear but it still operates in a market. If institutions are willing to pay a price, JAWS may decide to charge it. But that doesn't mean that institutions are irrational. They aren't going to accept a thousand percent price rise of a product just because JAWS owners decide to try to charge it.
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Monday, October 02, 2017 3:00 PM
Subject: Re: [nvda] WebAim Screen Reader User Survey #7: Getting The Word Out About NVDA
I totally agree with you Erick. The education institutions that deliver equipment to students in Vancouver and around BC and here in Victoria haven’t really embraced NVDA but I can see them embracing NVDA sooner rather than later. Remember, FS always saw its main competition, Window-Eyes as a threat. Since the main competition is now gone, , eventually VFO could raise the price of JAWS a lot higher, say, to $10000 or so, and that would force educational institutions to go with NVDA.
The sample size is very small in these surveys, but they definitely show the paradigm shift and I won't be surprised at all to see mobile, mac voiceover, and nvda useage up, and jaws useage down. Window-eyes use should fall right off the charts since the product is discontinued. This will help slow the skid of jaws, but I think at least as many window-eyes switchers made it to NVDA as to jaws, despite the fact that jaws 18 was a free upgrade for Many window-eyes users.
Since the new paradigm puts the blind more or less on an equal playing field, and social, legal and economic trends all support moving in that direction it shouldn't be too surprising that blind users want it more and more. I have thought for years that 2021 is about the final stopping point for old paradigm designs, particularly the personal computer, but I can see a lot of tradition going by the board by then. This is all good for us, and it's nice to have something concreet to demonstrate the trend we can all see happening around us.
On October 2, 2017 12:57:37 AM "Sarah k Alawami" <marrie12@...> wrote:
Wow, interesting. I'm not surprised. I wonder what we'll see this year now that a lot of us are switching to nvda and or android and or voiceover.
I have been following the surveys after they survey has finished.
I have also been noticing that the number of jaws users have been dropping along with a few of the commercial screen users and magnifiers etc.
Also the use of mobile units starting to rise as in the use of android and apple devices that can go portable.
For me mostly home use is nvda 100 percent of the time and if mobile a android device.
On 10/1/2017 2:20 AM, Bhavya shah wrote:
Since almost a decade, WebAim, a non-profit web
consultancy organisation, has been conducting an
biennial) survey, which, as its name implies, attempts
about the usage share of different screen
(particularly Internet) accessibility trends, etc. so as
researchers, accessibility consultants,
and mainstream companies to get a quantified picture
the state of the
this survey features participation from varied
user base, at least in my personal view, has always
While 8% respondents of the first December 2008
reported to be NVDA users, this figure has only increased
respondents in its 2015 counterpart claiming to use NVDA
screen reader and 41% using it commonly, a usage
lower than NVDA’s commercial and more expensive
think it would be a great way of playing our tiny part in
the word out
about NVDA’s viability and competency if all
members, users, testers and other related
particularly from second and third world developing
remain silent for such surveys but where free and open
NVDA makes a
prominent impact, take this survey and contribute
letting the world
know about the size and standing of the NVDA
The URL of said survey is https://webaim.org/projects/screenreadersurvey7/
It took me about ten minutes to fill this survey and
the form was
extremely accessible. Not only from an NVDA angle, but
always brings out useful and reflective data, which, in
betters AT as
a whole. Therefore, I urge everyone to take some
out for this
survey so that we can make the data truly reflective
P.S. I am in no way affiliated to WebAim nor is my
intention to merely
promote this survey.
Check out my website for NVDA tutorials and other blindness related material at http://www.accessibilitycentral.net Regardless of where you are in New Zealand if you are near one of the APNK sites you can use a copy of the NVDA screen reader on one of their computers. To find out which locations (or location) is near to you please visit http://www.aotearoapeoplesnetwork.org/content/partner-libraries (Aotearoa People's Network Kaharoa). To find an NVDA certified expert near you, please visit the following link https://certification.nvaccess.org/. The certification page contains the official list of NVDA certified individuals from around the world, who have sat and successfully passed the NVDA expert exam.