Re: Keyboard Shortcuts List



Gene might be running an old version of NVDA. I’ll upload the actual commands quick reference for 2017.4 (latest release).

For web browsing, the section you might be interested in is browse mode section.

But here’s something more important than key commands: there is a big problem (actually, two). Screen readers use a key on the keyboard as their modifier. Typically it is insert key, but NVDA and others can use caps lock key. Thus, the command sets you were used to when browsing the web (such as alt+shift+letter or similar ones) isn’t applicable to screen reader users in a sense that there will be no major conflicts. But the other problem is that screen readers assign letters and symbols for element navigation on websites and web applications, so that will conflict. But there is a way out: screen reader users must be told to disable element navigation commands (in NVDA, that’ll be single letter navigation on/off (NVDA+Shioft+Space)).

How NVDA can navigate through various elements via letters and symbols is a bit hard to explain, but suffice to say that it has to do with how NVDA represents webpages, or more recently, what web browsers tell screen readers to do when navigating websites. If you want, I’d be happy to either write or record a lecture on a concept called “virtual buffers”, which is essentially what browse mode really is (or used to be until recently); if you want an accessible introduction to browse mode, web apps and screen readers and related concepts, I suggest taking a look at various tutorials out there, including mine.

Lastly, while writing the above reply, I realized that we might be running into a bigger problem: lack of real user data and expert testimony. I realize that without expert guidance, you can get stuck, and without real-life user data, you may find yourself asking a way out (trust me, I’ve been through this before when writing features for some NVDA add-ons). I’d like to kindly suggest that you let NV Access help you as a consultant, provided that your organizational protocol allows this (getting help from a foreign charity). If consulting a foreign charity won’t work, then please let someone from your department give you permission to contact me and other NVDA experts in United States (a list of certified NVDA Experts can be found at I suggest this next step, as it might be preferable to let an actual user or an expert guide you and your organization through live training and/or consulting work; using documentation is helpful at time,s but I think, at other times (such as this), gathering user data in a more live setting would benefit all parties.

Hope this helps. In the meantime, I’ll upload the commands quick reference for 2017.4 later today.





From: [] On Behalf Of tonea.ctr.morrow@...
Sent: Wednesday, January 17, 2018 9:06 AM
Subject: Re: [nvda] Keyboard Shortcuts List


Shhhh. Don’t make me laugh so much. I’ll disturb the quiet of the cubicles.


I got Gene’s list, though I haven’t had time to look at it yet. If you are offering to maintain a webpage, then I think the categories you would want to put in it are:

  • Sacrosanct – Do not re-asign these keys because they serve critical functions.
  • Supportive – Do not re-asign these keys if you want to be supportive of our users.
  • Experimental – These keys are in use in experimental versions of our software.

And, in each case, list the key combination paired with the function that it does (a brief description or/and name) so the sighted user can understand why that combination is important.


Visual users like tables, so you could put the key combination in the first cell of each row and the usage in the second cell of each row. Visual users also like color. Using black text and complying with 508 and WCAG AAA and contrast, you could have these:

  • Sacrosanct could have a pink/red color background of (255, 170, 200) in RGB or use hexidecimal FFAAC8 to convey critical.
  • Supportive could have a pale yellow background of (250, 250, 150) in RGB or use hexidecimal FFFF96 to convey pay-attention.
  • Experimental could have a pale blue background of (135, 225, 255) in RGB or use hexidecimal 87E1FF to convey neutral.

Cell borders aren’t necessary, but if you want them then basic black of 1-3 pixels is nice. For a more powerful effect visually, borders could be done to coordinate with the categories:

  • Sacrosanct: 4 pixels, 3-D effect, RGB (95, 65, 0) Hex 710000, a darker red
  • Supportive: 2 pixels, RGB (113, 0, 0) Hex 5F4100, a darker brown
  • Experimental: 2 pixels, RGB (0, 0, 115) Hex 000073, a darker blue
  • Overall page background of white makes the whole color pallete WCAG AAA/contrast compliant


If you don’t want to do tables, a glossary format would work just as well. Just apply a type style to the key combination so that it stands out from the definition. This allows sighted users to make a visual search if they are checking for a specific key combo. Obviously, they wouldn’t want to use Control-Alt-Delete, but if they did then you would want to make it easy for them to visually scan the page to see if that combination is already in use.  Let me know if you need any help or feedback. And, of course, feel free to ignore any or all of my suggestions.


Thank you for helping me get the support NVDA should receive,




----- Original Message -----

From: [] On Behalf Of Joseph Lee
Sent: Tuesday, January 16, 2018 7:13 PM


I’ll take care of that. Which edition do you need: latest release, latest public beta, latest alpha, or latest really unstable build? I can do one of these because I have all of them on my computer. It’s a matter of choosing which one you need and uploading to my website.




From: [] On Behalf Of Gene
Sent: Tuesday, January 16, 2018 2:55 PM


I realized that I can't send you the most current list.  I don't have a computer set up to be able to run the latest NVDA.  I have a Windows 7 machine that I almost never use online and I've never updated it to Service Pack 1.  My other machines are XP.  So I can send you one that isn't too old but I hope someone will send a newer page.  But this should have most of the keys used in the current edition. 


I'll be sending the page in the next ten or fifteen minutes, unless there is some unexpected problem.





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